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Advanced Physical Science for 8th Grade

Advanced Physical Science for 8th Grade

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Quick Overview

Advanced Physical Science is a rigorous middle school course, where students learn about the physical world and tackle topics such as matter, energy, atoms, motion, thermodynamics and other aspects of chemistry and physics. Practical, hands-on lesson activities help students discover how scientists investigate the living world.

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Course Overview

Advanced Physical Science is a rigorous middle school course, conceived for the enthusiastic science student who is ready for an extra challenge. Students learn about the physical world and tackle topics such as matter, energy, atoms, motion, thermodynamics and other aspects of chemistry and physics. Practical, hands-on lesson activities help students discover how scientists investigate the living world. Students perform laboratory activities and a full unit investigation to learn about the application of scientific methods. Students will study:

  • Problem solving in chemistry and physics
  • Matter and its properties
  • Chemistry, from atoms to chemical reactions
  • Motion, including harmonics and projectiles
  • Forces and Newton's Laws of Motion
  • Types of energy
  • Laws of thermodynamics
  • Light and sound
  • Electricity and magnetism

Course Outline

Introduction and Chemistry

In this unit students launch their excursion into the world of physical science. They begin by understanding some of the rudiments of the metric system and doing a laboratory exercise. Students then begin to examine some aspects of matter, including a look at its various states, physical and chemical changes, and mixtures. A laboratory in separating solutions gives them a chance to make and use a distillation apparatus.

  • Introduction to Physical Science
  • Laboratory: Measured Steps
  • Physical Systems
  • Fundamental Quantities and Measurement
  • Working with Model Problems
  • Laboratory: Separating Ingredients
  • Properties of Matter
  • Classification of Matter
  • Solids, Liquids, and Gases
  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Mixtures and Solutions
  • Structure of the Atom

Chemistry 2

The world of chemistry opens up for student in this lesson. Students perform two laboratories to get handson experience with chemical procedures. They also learn chemical subjects such as atomic numbers, types of chemical reactions, balancing chemical reactions, types of bonding, and acids and bases. This gives students a solid understanding of the basic areas of chemistry.

  • Laboratory: Chemical Reactions
  • Atomic and Mass Numbers
  • Periodic Table
  • Ionic and Covalent Compounds
  • Chemical Formulas
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Laboratory: Titrating Vinegar
  • Balancing Chemical Equations
  • Rates of Chemical Reactions
  • Acids and Bases

Motion and Forces

This unit deals with physics, focusing on aspects of motion and forces. Students have hands-on experience doing a laboratory on the topic of speed. Motion and forces are explored in such subjects as the pendulum, motion in two directions, and gravity. This unit includes a semester review and test.

  • Laboratory: Calculating Speed
  • Displacement, Speed, and Velocity
  • Acceleration
  • Newton's First Law
  • Newton's Second Law
  • Equal and Opposite Forces
  • The Pendulum 1
  • Motion of a Projectile
  • Motion in a Circle
  • Harmonic Motion
  • The Pendulum 2
  • Gravitation I
  • Gravitation II

Energy and Thermodynamics

Students delve more deeply into physics in this unit. They begin by studying problems in work and energy, using simple machines as a starting point. They then move into a related study: thermodynamics, the study of heat. Along the way students do laboratories on using a lever and the flow of heat. Energy is the key word in this lesson and students gain a lot of experience in using this term correctly.

  • Laboratory: Using a Lever
  • Energy: Conservation and Transformation
  • Work
  • Simple Machines
  • Work and Kinetic Energy
  • Potential Energy
  • Linear Momentum
  • Collisions
  • Laboratory: Heat Flow
  • Thermal Energy
  • Temperature
  • First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics

Waves, Light, Electricity, and Magnetism

Energy continues to be the central core of student learning in this lesson. Students learn about the characteristics of waves and apply that knowledge to a study of light and sound. They then turn their attention to electricity and magnetism, building a motor in a laboratory to gain experience in working with electrical currents.

  • Laboratory: Path of Light
  • Characteristics of Waves
  • Sound Waves
  • Understanding Light
  • Reflection and Refraction
  • Laboratory: Motoring On!
  • Electric Charge
  • Electric Fields and Potentials
  • Circuits
  • Magnetism
  • Currents and Magnetic Fields

Research Project

In this middle school program, students conduct a scientific investigation following scientific methods for each discipline. Students choose a research topic, develop a hypothesis, experiment, take and organize data, and develop a science presentation. This is a hands-on unit that gives students the feel of conducting scientific research.

  • Science Research Topic
  • Design and Set Up Your Experiment
  • Data Collection
  • Data Analysis
  • Writing a Research Paper
  • Construct a Display Poster
  • Oral Presentation

Additional Information

Course Length 12 Months
Prerequisites N/A
Course Materials No
Course Start Date

Independent Study Courses

Courses can be started any day for independent study courses without a teacher. Full-year courses last 12 months and semester courses last 6 months.

 

Courses Taught by a K12 Teacher

Courses with a teacher have designated start dates throughout Fall and Spring. Full-year courses last 10 months and semester courses last 5 months. Courses are taught by teachers in K12 International Academy. For details on start dates, click here.

Teacher Assisted This course is available in two forms: taught by a teacher or designed for independent use. This teacher-supported course is taught through K12 International Academy. It is also available as independent study, where a parent will guide the course.
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To use this course, you'll need a computer with an Internet connection.  Some courses require additional free software programs, which you can download from the Internet.

Hardware and Browsers (Minimum Recommendations)

Windows OS

  • CPU: 1.8 GHz or faster processor (or equivalent)

  • RAM: 1GB of RAM

  • Browser: Microsoft Internet Explorer 9.0 or higher, Mozilla Firefox 10.0 versions or higher, Chrome 17.0 or higher

  • At this time our users are encouraged not to upgrade to Windows 10 or Edge (the new browser)

 

Mac OS

  • CPU: PowerPC G4 1 GHz or faster processor; Intel Core Duo 1.83 GHz or faster processor

  • RAM: 1GB of RAM

  • Browser: Firefox 10.0 versions or higher, Chrome 17.0 or higher (Safari is not supported!)

Using  Mobile Devices with the Online School

Unfortunately, many portable devices do not support the software products required to run the Online School. These devices may include (but not limited to): Chromebooks, iPads, iPhones, iPods, Kindles, eReaders, and Andriod phones.

Internet Connections

It is highly recommended that a broadband connection be used instead of dial up.