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Kindergarten Science

Kindergarten Science

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Quick Overview

Kindergarten students begin to develop observation skills as they learn about the five senses, the earth's composition, and the basic needs of plants and animals. Students will also explore topics such as matter, the seasonal cycle, motion, and astronomy.

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Course Overview

Kindergarten students begin to develop observation skills as they learn about the five senses, the earth's composition, and the basic needs of plants and animals. Students will explore topics such as:

  • My Body the five senses; major organs and systems
  • Plants and Animals needs and habitats; conservationist Jane Goodall
  • Measurement size, height, length, weight, capacity, and temperature
  • Matter solid, liquid, and gas
  • The Seasonal Cycle changing weather in the seasons
  • Our Earth geographical features; taking care of the earth; environmentalist Rachel Carson
  • Motion pushes and pulls; magnets
  • Astronomy the earth, sun, moon, and stars; exploring space; astronauts Neil Armstrong and Sally Ride

Course Outline

Observing My World

  • Recognize that a scientist observes, and that all people, whether they are scientists or not, are born with senses to observe the world
  • Name the five senses and the sensing organs associated with each
  • Observe and describe the properties of common objects using your five senses and the appropriate sensory descriptors, such as loud, soft, high, low, sweet, sour, smooth, and rough
  • Compare and sort common objects by one physical attribute, such as size, shape, or color

My Body

  • Identify and compare external features of the human body
  • Name some things that all people have in common and some things that are different 
  • Explain that your skeleton holds you up and give you shape
  • Demonstrate how muscles move your joints and limbs
  • Explain that the heart pumps blood throughout the entire body
  • Explain that the brain controls the body and allows you to think and remember

Introduction to Living Things

  • Recognize that all things fall into one of two categories:living and nonliving
  • Identify characteristics of living things and know that all living things need food, water, and air to survive
  • Classify living things as plants and animals
  • Identify similarities and differences between plants and animals
  • Explain that plants use sunlight to make food and that animals eat plants or other animals
  • Explain that shelter is a place where animals make their homes


  • Identify common plant structures, such as seeds, roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruit
  • Find plant structures on a variety of plants
  • Distinguish between deciduous and evergreen trees
  • Sort and classify seeds according to size, texture, and color
  • Recognize that plants grow from seeds and that seeds develop in the fruit
  • Examine common edible plants and identify their structures


  • Identify animals according to their body coverings
  • Identify how animals move and what body parts help them move
  • Recognize that some animals eat plants, others eat animals, and some may eat both plants and animals
  • Identify how animals get their food

Where Animals Live

  • Identify ways that animals use trees for food and shelter
  • Identify plants and animals that live in and around ponds
  • Identify animals that use caves for safety and shelter
  • Recognize that nocturnal animals are active mostly at night
  • Recognize that diurnal animals are active mostly during the day
  • Examine how nocturnal animals use their senses at night

Make the Measurement

  • Order objects by weight, capacity, height, length, and temperature
  • Measure length using nonstandard units
  • Make a pictograph to compare the measurements of several objects in nonstandard units
  • Experiment with a thermometer to see how high and low temperatures affect it

What's the Matter?

  • Identify all matter as solid, liquid, or gas
  • Describe the properties of solids, liquids, and gases
  • Investigate sinking and floating properties of solids and liquids
  • Describe physical changes of matter such as melting and freezing

What's the Weather?

  • Identify a range of weather conditions and the appropriate clothing to wear for each
  • Record and graph weather patterns
  • Demonstrate how the sun warms the earth and how water goes into the air
  • Learn that wind is moving air, and that it can move objects
  • Know that clouds are moved by wind, are made of water,and have many different shapes and sizes
  • Explain that rain is water that falls from clouds
  • State that rainbows sometimes appear after a rain
  • Describe four types of severe weather: drought, flood, hurricane, and tornado


  • State that weather gets cooler in the fall, is coldest in the winter, becomes warmer in the spring, and is warmest in the summer
  • Identify the changes that happen to deciduous trees in the fall, winter, spring, and summer
  • Explain that some animals gather and store food during the fall
  • Describe different strategies animals use to make it through cold winters (for example, hibernating, storing food, actively searching for food and shelter, and migrating)
  • Recognize that many animals become more active and have babies in the spring
  • Recognize that the seasons continually cycle from one to the next

Planet Earth

  • Recognize that the earth is your home and that its shape is a sphere
  • Explain that land is made of rocks and soil and that rocks are found all over the earth, even under bodies of water
  • Identify mountains, hills, valleys, plains, and islands as land shapes

Taking Care of Our Earth

  • Identify resources you use in everyday life (water, trees, and energy)
  • Explain how you can conserve these resources (for example, by turning off the water faucet, recycling paper, and turning out the lights)
  • Identify sources of land and water pollution
  • State that Rachel Carson was a conservationist who studied how all of nature is connected


  • Describe the major components of farms such as crops, livestock, the farmer, farm buildings, farm machinery, and farmland
  • Explain the daily duties on four types of farms: poultry farms, dairy farms, wheat farms, and cotton farms
  • Identify some differences between raising livestock and growing crops
  • Identify key steps in the movement of food products from the farm to your home

Make It Move

  • Recognize that motion is a change in position
  • Describe the motion that results from a push or a pull
  • Examine both the pushing and pulling properties of magnets
  • Identify some uses for magnets in everyday situations


  • Describe the size of the sun compared with that of Earth
  • Identify the Big Dipper and Little Dipper
  • Describe land features on the surface of the moon
  • Recognize some important firsts in space exploration, such as the first man to walk on the moon and the first American woman in space

Additional Information

Course Length 12 Months
Prerequisites N/A
Course Materials No
Course Start Date

Independent Study Courses

Courses can be started any day for independent study courses without a teacher. Full-year courses last 12 months and semester courses last 6 months.


Courses Taught by a K12 Teacher

Courses with a teacher have designated start dates throughout Fall and Spring. Full-year courses last 10 months and semester courses last 5 months. Courses are taught by teachers in K12 International Academy. For details on start dates, click here.

Teacher Assisted This course is available in two forms: taught by a teacher or designed for independent use. This teacher-supported course is taught through K12 International Academy. It is also available as independent study, where a parent will guide the course.
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To use this course, you'll need a computer with an Internet connection.  Some courses require additional free software programs, which you can download from the Internet.

Hardware and Browsers (Minimum Recommendations)

Windows OS

  • CPU: 1.8 GHz or faster processor (or equivalent)

  • RAM: 1GB of RAM

  • Browser: Microsoft Internet Explorer 9.0 or higher, Mozilla Firefox 10.0 versions or higher, Chrome 17.0 or higher

  • At this time our users are encouraged not to upgrade to Windows 10 or Edge (the new browser)


Mac OS

  • CPU: PowerPC G4 1 GHz or faster processor; Intel Core Duo 1.83 GHz or faster processor

  • RAM: 1GB of RAM

  • Browser: Firefox 10.0 versions or higher, Chrome 17.0 or higher (Safari is not supported!)

Using  Mobile Devices with the Online School

Unfortunately, many portable devices do not support the software products required to run the Online School. These devices may include (but not limited to): Chromebooks, iPads, iPhones, iPods, Kindles, eReaders, and Andriod phones.

Internet Connections

It is highly recommended that a broadband connection be used instead of dial up.