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# AP® Calculus AB, Part 2 (MTH500B)

## Quick Overview

This course is the equivalent of an introductory college-level calculus course. Calculus helps scientists, engineers, and financial analysts understand the complex relationships behind real-world phenomena. Students learn to evaluate the soundness of proposed solutions and apply mathematical reasoning to real-world models. This is the second semester of MTH500.

Teacher-Led Course (one-time payment)   \$450.00

#### Monthly Fees: Due Today:

Price as configured: \$0.00

## Course Overview

This course is the equivalent of an introductory college-level calculus course. Calculus helps scientists, engineers, and financial analysts understand the complex relationships behind real-world phenomena. Students learn to evaluate the soundness of proposed solutions and apply mathematical reasoning to real-world models. Students also learn to understand change geometrically and visually (by studying graphs of curves), analytically (by studying and working with mathematical formulas), numerically (by seeing patterns in sets of numbers), and verbally. Students prepare for the AP Exam and further studies in science, engineering, and mathematics. This is the second semester of MTH500.

## Course Outline

### SEMESTER ONE

#### Unit 1: The Basics

Students prepare to study calculus by reviewing some basic precalculus concepts from algebra and trigonometry. They learn what calculus is, why it was invented, and what it's used for.

• Pre-Calculus Review
• Introduction to Calculus
• Using a Graphing Calculator
• Combining Functions
• Composite and Inverse Functions
• Graphical Symmetry
• Patterns in Graphs

#### Unit 2: Applications of the Integral

The topics referred to below are those listed in the College Board's Calculus AB topic outline. This unit addresses Topic I: Functions, Graphs, and Limits. Students learn two important concepts that underlie all of calculus: limits and continuity. Limits help students understand differentiation (the slope of a curve) and integration (the area inside a curved shape). Continuity is an important property of functions.

• Finding Limits Analytically
• Asymptotes and Limits
• Relative Magnitudes for Limits
• When Limits Do and Don't Exist
• Continuity
• Intermediate and Extreme Value Theorems

#### Unit 3: The Derivative

This unit addresses Topic II: Derivatives. Students learn how to calculate a derivative, the slope of a curve at a specific point. They learn techniques for finding derivatives of algebraic functions (such as y = x2) and trigonometric functions (such as y = sin x).

• Derivatives at a Point
• The Derivative
• The Power Rule
• Sums, Differences, Products, and Quotients
• Graphs of Functions and Derivatives
• Continuity and Differentiability
• Rolle's and Mean Value Theorems
• Higher-Order Derivatives
• Concavity
• Chain Rule
• Implicit Differentiation

#### Unit 4: Rates of Change

This unit focuses on Second Derivatives and Applications of Derivatives within Topic II: Derivatives. Students learn how to use calculus to model and analyze changing aspects of our world.

• Extrema
• Optimization
• Tangent and Normal Lines
• Tangent Line Approximation
• Rates and Derivatives
• Related Rates
• Rectilinear Motion

#### Unit 5: Semester Review and Test

Students review what they have learned so far and take the semester exam.

• Semester 1 Review
• Semester 1 Exam

### SEMESTER TWO

#### Unit 1: The Integral

This unit focuses on Topic III: Integrals. Students learn numerical approximations to definite integrals, interpretations and properties of definite integrals, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, and techniques of antidifferentiation. They learn how to find areas of curved shapes.

• Riemann Sums
• Area Approximations
• The Definite Integral
• Properties of Integrals
• Graphing Calculator Integration
• Applications of Accumulated Change
• Antiderivatives
• Composite Functions
• The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
• Definite Integrals of Composite Functions
• Analyzing Functions and Integrals

#### Unit 2: Applications of the Integral

This unit focuses on Topic III: Integrals. Students learn to use integrals and antiderivatives to solve problems.

• Area
• Volumes of Revolution
• Cross Sections
• More Rectilinear Motion
• Other Applications of the Definite Integral

#### Unit 3: Inverse and Transcendental Functions

This unit focuses on Topic II: Derivatives and Topic III: Integrals. Students learn to calculate and use derivatives, antiderivatives, and integrals of exponential functions (such as y = 3x where the input variable is an exponent), logarithmic functions (the inverses of exponential functions), and inverse trigonometric functions (such as y = secant(x)).

• Inverse Trig Functions
• Review of Logarithmic and Exponential Functions
• Transcendentals and 1/x
• Derivatives of Logs and Exponentials
• Analysis of Transcendental Curves
• Integrating Transcendental Functions
• Applications of Transcendental Integrals

#### Unit 4: Separable Differential Equations and Slope Fields

This unit focuses on Topic II: Derivatives; specifically, on Equations Involving Derivatives. Students investigate differential equations, and solve the equations using a technique called "separating the variables."

• Slope Fields
• Differential Equations as Models
• Exponential Growth and Decay
• More Applications of Differential Equations

#### Unit 5: AP Exam Review and Final Exam

Students review what they have learned and prepare for the AP Exam with practice tests that simulate the AP test experience.

• Calculus as a Cohesive Whole
• Review of Topics
• Practice Final Exams

#### Unit 6: Calculus Project

Teachers may choose to assign a final project.

• Project Days

Course Length 4 Months
Prerequisites N/A
Course Materials No
Course Start Date

### Courses Taught by a K12 Teacher

Courses with a teacher have designated start dates throughout Fall, Spring, and Summer. Full-year courses last 10 months and semester courses last 4 months. Courses are taught by teachers in K12 International Academy. For details on start dates, click here.

Teacher Assisted Yes, this course is taught by a K12 International Academy teacher. If you are looking for a teacher-supported option with additional flexibility and year-round start dates, click here to learn about the Keystone School, another K12 online private schooling option.
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To use this course, you'll need a computer with an Internet connection.  Some courses require additional free software programs, which you can download from the Internet.

## Hardware and Browsers (Minimum Recommendations)

#### Windows OS

• CPU: 1.8 GHz or faster processor (or equivalent)

• RAM: 1GB of RAM

• Browser: Microsoft Internet Explorer 9.0 or higher, Mozilla Firefox 10.0 versions or higher, Chrome 17.0 or higher

• At this time our users are encouraged not to upgrade to Windows 10 or Edge (the new browser)

#### Mac OS

• CPU: PowerPC G4 1 GHz or faster processor; Intel Core Duo 1.83 GHz or faster processor

• RAM: 1GB of RAM

• Browser: Firefox 10.0 versions or higher, Chrome 17.0 or higher (Safari is not supported!)

Internet Connections

It is highly recommended that a broadband connection be used instead of dial up.